Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) - Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara

  • Years 5 Years
  • Type Course Under Graduate
  • stream Medical
  • Delivery Mode
Written By universitykart team | Last updated date Sep, 25, 2023

MBBS: Admission, Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Fees Structure, Future Scope, Syllabus, Career, Scope, Job Opportunities, Top Colleges

The MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a five-year undergraduate medical degree program that covers various medical specialties to allow learners to develop an in-depth understanding of their area of interest. The eligibility criteria for MBBS program can be fulfilled by obtaining a 10+2 qualification in science stream with biology, physics and chemistry as major subjects, followed by an appearance in the NEET (Nationwide Entrance Exam for Medicine) exam.

The admission process for MBBS involves two stages: the exam and the counseling session. First stage, admission to the MBBS course is based on the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) score. Second stage, during the counseling session, applicants can choose a college based on their rank, and after selection, they are mandatory to submit the compulsory paperwork to the respective authorities. The course fee structure for MBBS is said to range from INR 25,000 to INR 1.15 crore.. The MBBS course is taught with a curriculum covering a wide range of medical specialties, namely general medicine, surgery, and human anatomy. Students are trained on how to test for and supply cures for certain diseases.

Following completion of the MBBS degree, graduates become eligible to pursue careers as Doctors, Medical Officers, Surgeons, and General Physicians. The average salary of MBBS for these positions is Rs. 10 LPA. Top placement companies, including Apollo Group, Manipal Group, Fortis Hospitals, and AIIMS, hire MBBS graduates.

MBBS Course Details

The course details of the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program:

Aspect Details
Course Name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
Duration 5.5 years (Including internship)
Eligibility 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English
Entrance Exams NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)
Curriculum Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, etc.
Internship Compulsory 1-year rotating internship
Licensing Exam After completion of MBBS, students need to clear the respective country's licensing exam (like FMGE in India) to practice as a doctor
Career Opportunities Medical practitioner, Surgeon, Researcher, Healthcare administrator, etc.
Salary Average salary for freshers is Rs. 10 LPA
Top Colleges All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Christian Medical College (CMC), Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), etc.

Why Study MBBS?

A Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree can be pursued by those who wish to become doctors. Several benefits are offered by studying an MBBS program:

  1. Rewarding Career: A career in medicine is highly rewarding, both financially and emotionally. Doctors have the opportunity to make a real difference in people's lives by diagnosing and treating illnesses, performing surgery, and providing ongoing care and support.

  2. High Demand: There is always high demand for qualified doctors worldwide, which means that job prospects are excellent. With an aging population and increasing healthcare needs, this trend is expected to continue in the future.

  3. Intellectual Challenge: The study of medicine is intellectually challenging and rigorous. It requires a strong foundation in science, critical thinking skills, and the ability to analyze complex information quickly and accurately. This makes it an ideal choice for students who enjoy problem-solving and working with data.

  4. Wide Range of Specialties: Once you complete your MBBS degree, there are numerous specializations available to choose from, such as cardiology, neurology, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and many more. This allows you to focus on an area of medicine that interests you the most.

  5. Research Opportunities: Medical research is a vital component of modern medicine, and studying MBBS provides opportunities to engage in cutting-edge research projects. Many universities offer research programs and scholarships for medical students, allowing them to contribute to scientific advancements in their chosen fields.

  6. Global Recognition: An MBBS degree from a recognized university is globally accepted, which gives a chance to practice medicine in different countries. This will be a big plus for international travel and job experience.

  7. Lifelong Learning: Medicine is an ever-changing field that keeps professionals engaged in a lifelong learning process. The MBBS course prepares the students to understand and cope with new knowledge and innovations in medicine.

  8. Making a Difference:As a doctor, you will be having the capacity to make a substantial change in the lives of people at all levels. You will be able to render the basic healthcare for the underprivileged population, spur the public health campaigns and affect policy changes that facilitate easy and quality access to healthcare.

MBBS Admission Process

The admission process for MBBS program, usually includes a lot of steps. To apply, the applicant has to check out the criteria for eligibility which are requirement completion of their 10+2 education including the science subjects and the necessary entrance exam like NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) for medical program. First of all, an applicant must confirm the admission criteria and pass an entrance test. This is usually followed by an interview that is a session during the selection process. The interview evaluates their competence being in medicine, communication skills, as well as match for the program. Achievement of an MBBS candidate is largely dependent on his/her performance in the entrance exam and interview along with some other factors of selection like merit in academics and reserved categories. The admission could vary with respect to the university and country concerned. Thus, applicants must design time to read and find out the particular admission policy of the university they are applying to.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

For the admission process, applicants should be checked out as eligible for the MBBS course. Here are the following criteria for admission:

  1. Minimum Age: Students should be not less than 17 years old on or before December 31 of the applying year.

  2. Maximum Age Limit: The NEET exam has no upper age limit.

  3. Academic Qualifications: Applicant should have cleared Class 12th from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects.

  4. Minimum Marks Required: The minimum cut off is 40% for the SC/ST/OBC category. And the general category applicants, the qualifying examination cut-off is 50% of the total marks.

  5. Entrance Exam: Applicant should check out the minimum cutoff limit during the NEET text to be eligible for the entrance exam.

  6. NEET Exam Pattern: The NEET exam includes 180 multiple-choice questions divided into three sections - Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany + Zoology). The Biology section carries the highest weightage with 100 questions that fetch 360 marks.

  7. NEET Cutoff: For general category applicants, the cutoff of NEET for MBBS admission is the 50th percentile. While for reserved category candidates, the NEET cut-off is the 40th percentile.

MBBS Skills Required

Skill Description Importance
Scientific Knowledge Strong understanding of basic sciences, especially biology, chemistry, and physics Necessary for comprehending complex medical concepts and theories
Analytical Thinking Ability to analyze complex problems and develop effective solutions Crucial for making accurate diagnoses and developing treatment plans
Communication Skills Excellent verbal and written communication abilities Essential for communicating effectively with patients, colleagues, and other healthcare professionals
Empathy Ability to understand and relate to patient experiences and emotions Vital for building trust and rapport with patients and improving patient outcomes
Attention to Detail Precise attention to detail and accuracy in observations and record keeping Critical for identifying symptoms, administering medications, and maintaining patient safety
Emotional Resilience Ability to handle stress, trauma, and emotional challenges common in medical settings Key for maintaining mental wellbeing and delivering compassionate care
Teamwork Effective collaboration and teamwork with healthcare professionals and staff Imperative for coordinating patient care and ensuring optimal outcomes
Problem Solving Ability to identify issues, evaluate options, and implement effective solutions Fundamental for addressing clinical challenges and managing patient care
Leadership Capacity to lead teams, manage resources, and make informed decisions Valuable for advancing healthcare systems and promoting best practices
Time Management Efficient time management and prioritization skills Necessary for balancing multiple tasks and responsibilities while meeting deadlines
Ethics Deep respect for ethical principles and guidelines governing medical practice Central to maintaining professionalism, integrity, and accountability in healthcare delivery

MBBS Fees Structure

The fee structure for MBBS program depends a lot on the countries, institutions, and regions. Normally, the fee of studying MBBS ranges from affordable rates in government-sponsored medical schools to very expensive private ones. In India, yearly MBBS course fees for government medical colleges are between INR 10,000 and INR 70,000 whereas annual MBBS courses fees of private colleges are from INR 5 lakhs to over INR 1 crore. The same way, students in the US have to pay an average of $37,500 per year for public medical schools, while attending private colleges may even cost $60,000 annually. International students will need to pay more money in tuition fees in addition to other expenses such as visa, housing, and living costs. Scholarships, grants and financial aid are commonly offered to provide assistance with medical school expenses, but there are many applicants for these funds and competition is strong. Overall, students should really take the time to think about their budget and funding options before they choose an MBBS program.

MBBS Subjects 2024

The MBBS course duration 5.5 years, comprising 5 years of academic study and a 6-month internship. Participants of this program engage in an extensive variety of disciplines within the field of Medicine and healthcare. Also they have the opportunity to analyze ethical practices, participate in hospital internship program and volunteer projects.

Check out the table for MBBS course subjects:

Semester Subjects
1 Introduction to Embryology and Histology, Introduction to Molecular Medicine
2 Neuroscience I (Peripheral System), Respiratory System
3 General Pathology, Environment Pathology
4 Systematic Pathology, Alimentary System
5 Special Pathology, Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia
6 Epidemiology of communicable diseases, Reproductive and child health
7 Infectious Diseases, Diseases of the immune system
8 Endocrine Disease, Brain Death
9 Nervous System, Environmental Disorders

MBBS Courses Specialisations

Check the table below for Specialisations in MBBS Courses:

Specialization Duration Description
Anaesthesiology 3 years Manages pain relief during medical procedures and operations, monitors patients' vital signs, and ensures safe recovery after surgery.
Dermatology 3 years Diagnoses, treats, and manages skin, hair, and nail disorders, such as eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis.
Forensic Medicine 3 years Combines medical expertise with legal knowledge to investigate crimes, accidents, and suspicious deaths.
General Medicine 3 years The study of various medical conditions and their treatment.
Microbiology 3 years The study of microorganisms and their effects on human health.
Obstetrics and Gynaecology 3 years Concentrates on women's reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care.
Ophthalmology 3 years The study of the eye and its diseases.
Pathology 3 years Investigates the causes and nature of diseases using laboratory methods, microscopic analysis, and diagnostic testing.
Paediatrics 3 years Deal with the study of child health and diseases.
Pharmacology 3 years The study of drugs and their effects on the human body.
Psychiatry 3 years Addresses mental health disorders, substance abuse, and behavioral patterns through therapy, medication, and lifestyle interventions.
Radiology 3 years Utilizes imaging technologies, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, and ultrasound, to diagnose and treat medical conditions.
Surgery 3 years Entails invasive surgical techniques for repairing damaged tissues, bones, and organ systems. Subspecialties include orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, urology, and others.

MBBS Top Government Colleges

The top government colleges for MBBS courses in India are:

College Name Fees (MBBS)
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh INR 6,865
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore INR 1,82,000
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry INR 12.41 K
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi INR 1,09,000
Christian Medical College, Vellore INR 4,50,000
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi INR 1,00,000
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh INR 40,000
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi INR 40,000
Grant Medical College, Mumbai INR 30,000
King George's Medical University, Lucknow INR 87,230


The cutoff of MBBS for NEET UG means that an applicant needs to at least score in the minimum range to be eligible for MBBS admission through NEET. The cutoff differs every year and is based on an assessment of the difficulty level of the test, the amount of candidates appearing for the test and finally the number of available NEET total seats. Unlike other categories, there are separate cutoffs for General, OBC, SC, ST, and PwD (Persons with Disabilities) candidates. The eligible NEET UG 2023 cutoffs for the general category and for OBC, SC, ST candidates are 137 and 107, respectively. General/EWS/PH candidates require the cutoff to be 121 and for the other categories like OBC & PH, SC & PH, and ST & PH, the cutoff is 107.

MBBS Career Scope

The career scope after MBBS is vast and diverse, offering many opportunities in the medical field. After completing MBBS, specialties in cardiology, neurology, surgery, pediatrics, and more can be pursued by specialists. Hospitals, clinics, and private practices employ doctors, surgeons, medical officers, or specialists in the general field of medicine. MBBS graduates can still have research positions contributed for them, teaching positions in medical colleges, or administrative choices taken in healthcare institutions. Along with the professional careers which can be improved by MD or MS degree, the advanced medical specialties can also be taken. At the field of medicine is prosperous and pleasant career option with chances of development, specialization, and sustainability.

MBBS Jobs Profiles

After completing an MBBS course, there are several jobs profiles available to the graduates. Some of the top job profiles after completing an MBBS course are:

  1. Doctor: A doctor is a health care provider who works in many different healthcare areas and performs surgical, pharmacological and therapeutic care for patients.

  2. Medical Officer: The medical department is accompanied by chief medical officers known as the medical officers whose main task is to provide medical assistance, detect problems and prevention and teaching of the diseases and chaining on illnesses control.

  3. Surgeon: Surgeons are specialists in medicine who operate on patients to cure injuries, infections, or any other disfigurements.

  4. General Physician: General physicians are medical professionals who provide primary care to patients, including diagnosing and treating acute and chronic illnesses.

  5. Medical Legal Advisor: Medical-legal advisors belongs to the legal field and give medical expertise in the legal cases which are related to the personal injury claim and medical malpractice lawsuits.

  6. Researcher: Researchers in the medical field pursue to find new methods that will transform into the latest drugs, treatments and medical devices.

  7. Medical Professor/Teacher: Medical professors and mentors are medical schools that are responsible for teaching the student about medical specialties.

  8. Hospital Administrator: Hospital administrators run hospital operations on a daily basis and that job includes management of staff, finances, and patients care.

  9. Healthcare Consultant: Healthcare consultants provide healthcare organizations with a service which includes the upgrading of operations, revenues and patient care.

  10. Medical Journalist: Medical journalists are those, who write about medical news, research and other things, for different media as, newspapers, magazines and online platforms.

MBBS Salary Package

After completing an MBBS course, the salary package can vary based on factors like experience, specialization, and the type of organization. On average, a fresher MBBS doctor can earn around INR 3 to 7 LPA in India. In government jobs, the salary can range from INR 9 to 13 LPA. Specialized degrees like MS or MD can lead to higher salaries, ranging from INR 8 to 12 LPA in private hospitals. Salaries can be influenced by the doctor's location, level of expertise, and the organization they work for. Specialized fields like Cardiology, Neurology, and Orthopedics are among the highest-paid, with specialists earning between INR 10 to 35 lakhs per annum, depending on their experience and expertise. Private hospitals generally offer higher salaries compared to government hospitals, and doctors in metropolitan cities tend to earn more than those in smaller towns or rural areas.

MBBS Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for MBBS graduates, along with their average annual salaries, are as follows:

Top Recruiters Average Annual Salary
Apollo Hospitals -
Fortis Healthcare INR 4 LPA
Max Healthcare INR 4.5 LPA
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries INR 5 LPA
Cipla Ltd INR 5.6 LPA
Indian Council of Medical Research INR 5 LPA
Bharat Dynamics Ltd INR 4 LPA
Armed Forces INR 4.3 LPA

MBBS Course Comparison

Here is the difference between MBBS and MD Programs.

Parameter MBBS MD
Degree Name Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery Doctor of Medicine
Degree type Undergraduate Postgraduate
Eligibility Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or equivalent with Science stream Completed MBBS or equivalent degree with passing grades
Course Duration Typically 5.5 years (including internship) Three to four years (depending on the specialty)
Specialty General medicine Specialized medicine
Study Structure Covers broad topics related to medicine; focuses on practical training Specialized courses focusing on a specific branch of medicine; emphasizes theoretical and research aspects
Purpose Introduces students to fundamental medical concepts and prepares them for further studies or entry-level jobs Develops advanced medical knowledge and skills in a particular field; suitable for practicing specialist physicians
Admissions Usually conducted via national-level entrance exams, such as NEET in India Often requires clearing competitive exams, such as USMLE, PLAB, or FMGE, followed by interviews and evaluations
Job Opportunities Entry-level positions in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pharmaceuticals, etc.; eligible for further postgraduate studies Positions in hospitals, clinics, academia, research institutes, pharmaceuticals, and other healthcare sectors; senior leadership roles

FAQs Related to MBBS

1. What is MBBS course?
The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is an undergraduate program that covers fundamental medical concepts and introduces students to practical applications. It aims to prepare students for entry-level jobs or further postgraduate studies in the medical field.

2. Why MBBS?
Choosing an MBBS program enables students to acquire extensive medical knowledge, hone practical skills, and obtain exposure to various medical disciplines, leading to a fulfilling and respected profession serving humanity.

3. What is full form of MBBS?
The MBBS course full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate program that deals with the study of medicine and surgery. It is one of the most prestigious courses pursued by science stream students after class 12th.

4. What is the duration of an MBBS course?
The MBBS program generally lasts for five and a half years, consisting of four and a half years dedicated to classroom instruction and lab work, along with one full year of mandatory rotatory internship.

5. What are the eligibility for MBBS admission?
To be eligible for MBBS admission, candidates must pass the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or an equivalent board examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects. Additionally, they must secure a minimum aggregate score of 50% (for General category) or 40% (for SC/ST/OBC categories) in these subjects. Moreover, candidates must reach the age of 17 years before December 31st of the year of admission.

6. Which entrance exams are required for MBBS in India?
The primary entrance exam for MBBS in India is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), which replaced the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) in 2019. However, some states might conduct separate state-level exams for MBBS admissions, such as Maharashtra's MHT-CET or Tamil Nadu's TN-NEET UG.

7. What is the MBBS course fees Structure?
The fee structure for MBBS programs differs considerably between government and private colleges. For example, government medical colleges in India could charge an annual fee ranging from INR 10,000 to INR 60,000, whereas private colleges may ask for fees between INR 5 lakh to over INR 1 crore annually. Please refer to specific college websites for updated information regarding their fee structures.

8. What are the career prospects after completing an MBBS degree?
After finishing an MBBS degree, graduates can find employment opportunities in various healthcare domains, such as hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, pharmaceutical industries, non-governmental organizations, and research institutions. Potential job titles encompass physician, medical officer, consultant, scientist, lecturer, and medical representative, amongst others. Alternatively, ambitious candidates may opt to pursue higher studies like MS, MD, or PhD programs to deepen their subject matter mastery and enhance career progression possibilities.

9. Is NEET the only entrance exam for MBBS in India?
Yes, currently, NEET stands as the sole centralized entrance test for securing admission into MBBS programs in India. Nevertheless, select states might organize supplementary state-specific entrance examinations alongside NEET.

10. Can international students apply for MBBS in India?
International students are welcome to apply for MBBS courses in India. However, they must qualify for the NEET exam and obtain an Eligibility Certificate issued by the Medical Council of India (MCI). Furthermore, foreign candidates must acquire a valid Student Visa endorsed by the Indian Mission abroad.

11. What are the top medical colleges offering MBBS in India?
Some esteemed medical colleges in India imparting MBBS education are:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi

  2. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore

  3. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune

  4. King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow

  5. Grant Medical College (GMC), Mumbai

  6. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC),

  7. Aligarh Muslim University, AMU, Aligarh

  8. Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi

12. Are there any scholarships available for MBBS students?
Scholarships for MBBS students can originate from various sources, including government schemes, educational institutions, and external funding bodies. Some prominent scholarship programs for medical aspirants in India comprise Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY), Rajiv Gandhi Scholarship for Medical Education, Dr. Ambedkar Fellowship Scheme, PGIMER Chandigarh Merit-cum Means Scholarship, and NCERT Scholarship for Single Girl Child, among others. Interested students must verify respective scholarship eligibility criteria and application timelines independently.

13. What is the difference between MBBS and MD?
While MBBS refers to the bachelor's level degree awarded upon completion of an undergraduate medical education, MD denotes a Master's or postgraduate degree earned following MBBS studies. MD concentrates on specialized disciplines of medicine, demanding a deeper comprehension of a specific domain. Moreover, MD necessitates appearing in and qualifying a nationwide entrance exam, such as the National Board of Examinations (NBE)'s NEET-PG in India.

14. What is benefits of MBBS course?
An MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) course provides a comprehensive understanding of medicine and surgery. It enables you to become a licensed medical practitioner and serve society by diagnosing and treating various health conditions. The course also offers opportunities for research, teaching, and specializations in different areas of medicine.

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