Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Career & Job Opportunitie

  • course years 5 Years
  • type of course Under Graduate
  • course stream Medical
  • course type Full Time
Written By universitykart team | Last Updated date Apr, 09, 2024

Career & Job Opportunities after Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

After completing a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program, there are several career and job opportunities available for graduates. These opportunities can be categorized into clinical and non-clinical roles. Clinical roles include becoming a medical doctor, where graduates can specialize in various fields such as general medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and more. To become a medical doctor, graduates need to complete a mandatory internship of one year and then register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the State Medical Council to practice medicine. Non-clinical roles include medical research, medical education, medical journalism, medical tourism, medical transcription, and medical coding and billing. These roles do not require direct patient care but involve other aspects of healthcare such as research, education, administration, and technology.

Some of the top recruiters of MBBS graduates include government and private hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, diagnostic centers, pharmaceutical companies, medical research organizations, and medical colleges and universities. The average salary for MBBS graduates in India ranges from INR 5.33 LPA to INR 10 LPA, depending on the role, location, and experience. In addition to these career opportunities, MBBS graduates can also pursue higher education such as MD, MS, DNB, MPH, or PhD to further specialize in their field of interest and increase their earning potential.

Why Choose MBBS?

Choosing to MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree is a significant decision with several compelling reasons can be presented in below:

  1. Passion for Medicine: Many students choose MBBS due to a genuine passion for healthcare and helping others. The desire to make a difference in people's lives through medical care is a strong motivator.

  2. Career Stability: Medicine offers a stable and respected career path. Healthcare is an essential industry, and the demand for qualified medical professionals remains consistently high.

  3. Diverse Career Opportunities: An MBBS degree opens doors to various career opportunities. Apart from clinical practice, you can specialize in areas like surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics, psychiatry, etc. Research, teaching, healthcare administration, and public health are also viable career paths.

  4. Intellectual Challenge: Medicine is intellectually challenging and continuously evolving. It requires critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and a thirst for lifelong learning.

  5. Global Recognition: MBBS is internationally recognized, allowing you to practice medicine globally and explore opportunities in different countries.

  6. Job Security and Financial Rewards: Medical professionals generally enjoy job security and competitive salaries. The investment in medical education often pays off in terms of financial stability and professional fulfillment.

  7. Social Impact: Being a doctor allows you to have a direct and positive impact on individuals, families, and communities. It's a rewarding career that offers opportunities to improve public health and contribute to society.

  8. Personal Development: Pursuing an MBBS degree involves rigorous training that fosters personal growth, resilience, empathy, and communication skills. These attributes are valuable in both professional and personal life.

  9. Continual Advancements: The field of medicine is constantly advancing with new technologies, treatments, and discoveries. As a medical professional, you'll have the chance to be at the forefront of medical innovations.

  10. Respected Profession: Doctors are highly respected members of society. The trust and gratitude patients place in their doctors make medicine a deeply meaningful profession.

Top Careers MBBS Course

The top career options after completing an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree can be presented in below:

  1. Medical Practitioner: This is the most common career path for MBBS graduates. Medical practitioners diagnose and treat patients' illnesses, injuries, and medical conditions. They can work in hospitals, clinics, private practices, or government health facilities.

  2. Specialist Doctor: After completing postgraduate specialization (MD/MS/DNB), doctors can become specialists in various fields such as cardiology, neurology, oncology, pediatrics, surgery, psychiatry, etc. Specialists focus on specific areas of medicine and provide specialized care to patients.

  3. Surgeon: Surgeons perform surgical procedures to treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. They may specialize in areas like general surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, cardiovascular surgery, plastic surgery, etc.

  4. Medical Researcher: MBBS graduates can pursue careers in medical research, conducting studies to improve healthcare, develop new treatments, and advance medical knowledge. Research positions are available in universities, research institutions, pharmaceutical companies, and healthcare organizations.

  5. Academician/Teacher: Many MBBS graduates choose to become medical educators or academicians. They teach medical students, conduct lectures, mentor aspiring doctors, and contribute to medical education and training programs.

  6. Public Health Specialist: Public health specialists work to improve community health, prevent diseases, and promote wellness at a population level. They may work in government health departments, non-profit organizations, or international health agencies.

  7. Hospital Administrator/Healthcare Manager: MBBS graduates with an interest in healthcare management and administration can pursue roles as hospital administrators, healthcare managers, or healthcare consultants. They oversee hospital operations, manage healthcare facilities, and implement healthcare policies and programs.

  8. Medical Consultant: Medical consultants provide expert advice and consultation to healthcare organizations, insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, and legal firms. They offer insights on medical cases, healthcare policies, medical research, and patient care.

  9. Healthcare Entrepreneur: Some MBBS graduates venture into entrepreneurship by starting their clinics, healthcare startups, medical device companies, or telemedicine platforms. They innovate in healthcare delivery, technology, or healthcare management.

  10. Medical Writer/Medical Journalist: MBBS graduates with strong writing skills can work as medical writers, creating medical content, research papers, healthcare articles, and patient education materials. They may also work as medical journalists covering healthcare news and developments.

Scope of MBBS in India

The scope of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) in India is vast and promising, offering numerous opportunities for medical professionals. Here's a detailed look at the scope of MBBS in India:

  1. Medical Practitioners: MBBS graduates can work as medical practitioners in various healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and primary care centers. They diagnose and treat patients' illnesses, injuries, and medical conditions, providing essential healthcare services.

  2. Specialization and Super-Specialization: After completing MBBS, doctors can pursue postgraduate specialization (MD/MS) in a wide range of medical fields such as cardiology, neurology, oncology, pediatrics, surgery, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, dermatology, etc. Super-specialization (DM/MCh) allows doctors to further specialize in subspecialties within these fields.

  3. Government Jobs: MBBS graduates are eligible for government jobs in various healthcare sectors, including government hospitals, public health departments, armed forces medical services, Indian Railways medical services, and research institutions. They can work as medical officers, resident doctors, and specialists.

  4. Private Practice: Many MBBS graduates opt for private practice by setting up their clinics or joining private hospitals and healthcare facilities. Private practitioners offer medical consultations, diagnostic services, treatment, and preventive healthcare services to patients.

  5. Academic and Research Careers: MBBS graduates interested in academia and research can pursue careers in medical colleges, universities, research institutes, and pharmaceutical companies. They can work as medical educators, researchers, principal investigators, and contribute to medical advancements and innovations.

  6. Hospital Management and Administration: Healthcare management and administration offer lucrative career opportunities for MBBS graduates. They can work as hospital administrators, healthcare managers, clinical coordinators, quality assurance managers, and healthcare consultants, overseeing hospital operations, patient care, and healthcare policies.

  7. Public Health and Community Medicine: MBBS graduates interested in public health can work in government health departments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international health agencies, and public health research institutes. They can focus on disease prevention, health promotion, epidemiology, health policy, and community health programs.

  8. Medical Consultancy and Medico-Legal Practice: MBBS graduates can work as medical consultants, providing expert medical advice and consultation to healthcare organizations, insurance companies, legal firms, and government agencies. They may also engage in medico-legal practice, offering medical expertise in legal cases and forensic investigations.

  9. Global Opportunities: MBBS is internationally recognized, allowing doctors to explore global opportunities. They can pursue further studies or work in foreign countries, participate in medical exchange programs, collaborate with international healthcare organizations, or work in global health initiatives.

  10. Entrepreneurship and Healthcare Innovation: With the rise of healthcare startups and innovations, MBBS graduates can venture into entrepreneurship. They can start their clinics, telemedicine platforms, healthcare technology startups, medical device companies, or healthcare consulting firms, contributing to healthcare innovation and delivery.

Average Salary for MBBS Graduates

The average salaries for MBBS graduates in various job positions in India along with their average salary can be presented in the table:

Job Position Average Salary (Annual)
Resident Medical Officer INR 4 LPA - INR 6 LPA
Medical Officer INR 4.5 LPA - INR 7 LPA
General Physician INR 6 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Specialist Doctor (MD/MS) INR 8 LPA - INR 20 LPA
Surgeon INR 10 LPA - INR 30 LPA
Anesthetist INR 8 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Pediatrician INR 8 LPA - INR 20 LPA
Obstetrician/Gynecologist INR 10 LPA - INR 25 LPA
Dermatologist INR 8 LPA - INR 18 LPA
Psychiatrist INR 8 LPA - INR 20 LPA
Hospital Administrator INR 6 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Healthcare Consultant INR 8 LPA - INR 20 LPA
Medical Researcher INR 6 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Public Health Specialist INR 6 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Medical Lecturer/Professor INR 8 LPA - INR 25 LPA
Healthcare Manager/Administrator INR 6 LPA - INR 18 LPA

Top MBBS Recruiters

The top recruiters for MBBS graduates in both the government and private sectors are presented in the table:

Government Sector MBBS Recruiters Private Sector MBBS Recruiters
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Apollo Hospitals
Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) Fortis Healthcare
State Government Hospitals Max Healthcare
Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS) Narayana Health
Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Manipal Hospitals
Indian Railways Medical Services (IRMS) Columbia Asia Hospitals
Public Health Departments Medanta - The Medicity
Municipal Corporation Hospitals Wockhardt Hospitals
Research Institutes (ICMR, DBT, CSIR Labs, etc.) Hinduja Hospital
Medical Colleges & Universities Aster Hospitals

Top MBBS Placement Colleges

The top MBBS placement colleges in India, along with their locations and average placement packages can be presented in the table:

College Name Location Average Placement Package (INR)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New Delhi INR 12 LPA - INR 18 LPA
Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) Pune INR 10 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Christian Medical College (CMC) Vellore INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC) New Delhi INR 10 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Kasturba Medical College (KMC) Manipal INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) Puducherry INR 10 LPA - INR 15 LPA
King George's Medical University (KGMU) Lucknow INR 8 LPA - INR 14 LPA
Grant Medical College Mumbai INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU Varanasi INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA
St. John's Medical College Bangalore INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA

How To Get A Job After MBBS

Getting a job after completing an MBBS degree involves several steps and strategies to ensure you find a position that aligns with your career goals. Here’s a detailed guide on how to get a job after MBBS:

  1. Complete Your Internship: After earning your MBBS degree, complete the mandatory one-year internship at a recognized hospital. This hands-on experience is crucial for gaining practical skills and knowledge.

  2. Obtain Your Medical License: Register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the respective State Medical Council to get your medical license. This is essential for practicing medicine legally in India.

  3. Pursue Postgraduate Education (Optional): Consider pursuing a postgraduate degree (MD/MS) or diploma in a specialized field to enhance your qualifications and job prospects. Specialization opens up more advanced and higher-paying job opportunities.

  4. Prepare a Strong Resume and Cover Letter: Create a detailed resume highlighting your education, internship experience, skills, and any additional certifications. Write a compelling cover letter tailored to the specific job you are applying for.

  5. Utilize Job Portals and Recruitment Agencies: Register on medical job portals and recruitment websites such as, Practo, and Indeed. These platforms frequently post job openings for medical professionals.

  6. Network with Professionals: Build a network with fellow doctors, mentors, and healthcare professionals. Attend medical conferences, seminars, and workshops to meet potential employers and gain insights into job opportunities.

  7. Apply to Hospitals and Clinics: Directly apply to hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and healthcare centers. Many healthcare facilities have career sections on their websites where you can submit your application.

  8. Prepare for Interviews: Be ready for both technical and HR interviews. Brush up on your medical knowledge and be prepared to discuss your internship experience and case studies. Practice common interview questions and scenarios.

  9. Consider Government Exams: Prepare for government exams like the Combined Medical Services (CMS) exam conducted by UPSC, state medical exams, or exams for specific public sector units. Government jobs offer job security and attractive benefits.

  10. Explore Opportunities Abroad: If interested, look into opportunities abroad. Research the licensing requirements for practicing medicine in countries like the US, UK, Australia, and Canada. Exams like USMLE (for the US) and PLAB (for the UK) are required for practicing internationally.

  11. Join Medical Research or Teaching: If clinical practice isn’t your primary interest, consider joining medical research institutes or teaching positions in medical colleges. These roles can be both fulfilling and well-compensated.

  12. Consider Private Practice: If you prefer autonomy, you can start your private practice. This requires initial investment and a good location, but it offers independence and potential for high earnings over time.

  13. Stay Updated with Medical Advancements: Continuously update your knowledge and skills through Continuing Medical Education (CME) programs, online courses, and medical journals. This keeps you competitive and informed about the latest in healthcare.

  14. Seek Guidance and Mentorship: Don’t hesitate to seek advice from experienced doctors and mentors. They can provide valuable insights and guidance on navigating your career path effectively.

The Top Indian Cities to Look for MBBS Jobs

The top Indian cities to look for MBBS jobs along with the average annual salary:

City Average Salary (Annual)
New Delhi INR 10 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Mumbai INR 10 LPA - INR 15 LPA
Bangalore INR 9 LPA - INR 14 LPA
Chennai INR 8 LPA - INR 13 LPA
Hyderabad INR 8 LPA - INR 13 LPA
Pune INR 7 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Kolkata INR 7 LPA - INR 12 LPA
Ahmedabad INR 7 LPA - INR 11 LPA
Lucknow INR 6 LPA - INR 10 LPA
Chandigarh INR 8 LPA - INR 12 LPA

These cities are known for their robust healthcare infrastructure, offering numerous opportunities for MBBS graduates in both government and private sectors. The average salaries mentioned are approximate and can vary based on experience, specialization, and the specific employer.

Life after MBBS Course

Life after MBBS degree can take various paths depending on your interests, aspirations, and career goals. Here are some common trajectories for MBBS graduates:

  1. Clinical Practice: Many MBBS graduates opt for clinical practice and work as general practitioners or specialists in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and healthcare centers. Specialization through postgraduate courses (MD/MS) opens doors to more specialized roles such as surgeons, pediatricians, cardiologists, etc.

  2. Government Jobs: MBBS graduates can pursue government jobs in public hospitals, primary healthcare centers, defense services, railways, and public health departments. They can appear for exams like the Combined Medical Services (CMS) exam conducted by UPSC for positions in government healthcare services.

  3. Private Practice: Starting a private practice is another option where MBBS graduates can establish their clinics or join group practices. It offers autonomy and potential for higher earnings but requires initial investment and business acumen.

  4. Medical Research: Some MBBS graduates venture into medical research, working in research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, or universities. They contribute to advancements in medical science, drug development, and healthcare technologies.

  5. Teaching and Academia: Teaching positions in medical colleges, universities, and institutes are attractive for those interested in academia. It involves educating medical students, conducting research, and contributing to medical curriculum development.

  6. Healthcare Administration: Graduates with an interest in management and administration can pursue roles in healthcare management, hospital administration, health policy, and healthcare consulting. They ensure efficient healthcare delivery, quality standards, and regulatory compliance.

  7. Global Opportunities: MBBS graduates can explore opportunities abroad by appearing for exams like USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination), PLAB (Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board) for the UK, AMC (Australian Medical Council) for Australia, and MCCQE (Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination) for Canada.

  8. Entrepreneurship: Some enterprising MBBS graduates venture into healthcare entrepreneurship by starting clinics, diagnostic centers, telemedicine platforms, or healthcare technology startups. It requires innovation, business skills, and an understanding of healthcare industry dynamics.

  9. Public Health and NGOs: Working in public health agencies, NGOs, and international organizations allows MBBS graduates to contribute to community health, disease prevention, healthcare advocacy, and healthcare policy development.

  10. Continuing Education: Lifelong learning through Continuing Medical Education (CME) programs, workshops, conferences, and online courses helps MBBS graduates stay updated with the latest medical advancements, best practices, and regulatory changes.

FAQs About MBBS Career & Job Opportunities

  1. What career options are available after completing MBBS?

    After MBBS, you can pursue clinical practice, government jobs, and specialization through postgraduate courses, research, teaching, healthcare administration, entrepreneurship, global opportunities, public health, and continuing education.

  2. How can I start my private practice after MBBS?

    To start a private practice, you need to register with the Medical Council, obtain necessary licenses and permits, set up a clinic or office space, hire staff if needed, acquire medical equipment and supplies, and market your services to attract patients.

  3. What are the benefits of specializing after MBBS?

    Specialization after MBBS offers deeper knowledge, higher earning potential, career advancement, specialized patient care, opportunities for research and teaching, and eligibility for specific job roles in hospitals and clinics.

  4. What are the key skills required for a successful career after MBBS?

    Key skills include medical knowledge, clinical skills, communication skills, empathy, problem-solving abilities, decision-making skills, teamwork, time management, ethical practice, and continuous learning.

  5. How can I prepare for government job exams after MBBS?

    Prepare for government job exams by studying the exam syllabus, practicing previous years' question papers, enrolling in coaching if necessary, staying updated with current affairs and healthcare policies, and developing a study schedule.

  6. What are the prospects for MBBS graduates in healthcare administration?

    MBBS graduates can pursue roles in healthcare management, hospital administration, health policy, quality assurance, patient safety, healthcare consulting, and regulatory compliance, contributing to efficient healthcare delivery and quality improvement.

  7. Are there opportunities for MBBS graduates in medical research?

    Yes, MBBS graduates can work in medical research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, universities, and research organizations, contributing to scientific research, clinical trials, drug development, and advancements in medical science.

  8. What are the pathways for MBBS graduates to work abroad?

    To work abroad, MBBS graduates need to appear for exams like USMLE, PLAB, AMC, MCCQE, or their respective country-specific exams, fulfill licensing and visa requirements, and gain relevant work experience or complete residency training.

  9. How can MBBS graduates contribute to public health initiatives?

    MBBS graduates can work with public health agencies, NGOs, and international organizations on public health campaigns, disease prevention programs, health education, community health assessments, healthcare policy advocacy, and disaster response.

  10. What are the challenges faced by MBBS graduates in their careers?

    Challenges may include long working hours, high-stress levels, patient management complexities, regulatory changes, staying updated with medical advancements, balancing work-life commitments, and managing professional burnout.

  11. Is continuing education necessary after MBBS?

    Yes, continuing education through CME programs, workshops, conferences, and online courses is essential for staying updated with medical advancements, improving clinical skills, maintaining licensure, and enhancing career opportunities.

  12. What are the prospects for MBBS graduates in healthcare technology and innovation?

    MBBS graduates can explore opportunities in healthcare technology startups, telemedicine platforms, health informatics, medical device companies, digital health solutions, and artificial intelligence applications in healthcare.

  13. Can MBBS graduates pursue part-time or flexible work arrangements?

    Yes, MBBS graduates can explore part-time roles, locum tenens positions, telemedicine consultations, medical writing, medical education, healthcare consulting, and other flexible work arrangements based on their preferences and career goals.

  14. What are the emerging trends in the healthcare industry for MBBS graduates?

    Emerging trends include telemedicine, personalized medicine, digital health solutions, artificial intelligence in diagnostics, genomic medicine, remote patient monitoring, value-based care models, and patient-centered healthcare delivery.

  15. How can MBBS graduates enhance their employability and career prospects?

    Enhance employability by gaining specialized skills, pursuing postgraduate education, obtaining certifications, participating in research projects, networking with healthcare professionals, maintaining a professional online presence, and staying adaptable to industry changes.

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